Despite significant progress in reducing child mortality over the last 25 years, 43 out of every 1000 children died before their fifth birthday in 2015. (In 1990, the same statistic was 91.) All in all, almost six million children under the age of five lost their lives this year alone.
As the map below makes clear, the under-five mortality rate was highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet because of its large population, India had the highest burden of total under-five deaths: 1.2 million. In fact, five countries — India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Congo DR, and Ethiopia — accounted for almost half of all under-five deaths in 2015.